Jesus Christ--History of doctrines--0030-600

Reclaiming Subtitutionary Atonement in an Episcopal Church

Author
Claudia Nalven
Abstract
This paper examines how parishoners at an evangelical Episcopal Church have absorbed and understood the doctrine of substitutionary atonement. It considers how preaching through a framework of substitutionary atonement, can help shape the incorporation of this doctrine into the congregation's life and self-understanding. The paper uses as a framework the theology of Thomas Torrance, who combines reformed soteriology with patristic Christology to overcome some of the objections to this doctrine. Exodus 34 and the prologue of John's Gospel form the biblical basis for this approach to substitutionary atonement. The paper commends substitutionary atonement as part of a framework for lectionary preaching.

Nestorius' Christology: an assessment of the historical debate

Author
Julien C Yin
Abstract
The purpose of this thesis is to assess the historical debate of Nestorius Controversy by researching, analyzing and discussing the Christology of Nestorius. The thesis will mention Nestorius' position and place in the history of Christian doctrine, or dogma, and will serve to help readers to research and to evaluate Nestorius' Christology on their own. The main methodology of this thesis is Comparative Approaches. There are two other auxiliary methods that will support this thesis. One is Ideological Criticism and the other is Theological Interpretation. The research contents includes: the life and background of Nestorius, the personality of Nestorius, the works of the patriarch (especially the recovered apology of Nestorius: the Bazaar of Heraclides), the comparisons between Nestoruis' Christology and Cyril's Christology, the teaching of Nestorius and Cyril, the reasons why the opponents believe Nestorius' teaching is a heresy and the responses from both the school of Antioch and Nestorius himself, and the debatable points of Nestorius' Christology. The main research area is Nestorius' Christology and his teaching. The other areas include: the controversy between Antiochene Christology and Alexandria Christology, the controversy between Nestorius' Christology and Cyril's Christology, and the first four Ecumenical Councils (particularly the Council of Ephesus, 431 and the Council of Chalcedon, 451).

From conflict to resolution: reconciliation and its application

Author
Yen Kuang Lee
Abstract
This paper expands on factors and models that seek ways to reach successful reconciliation in the Bible. The "Strong-side appeasement" and "Meditor reconciliation" methods presented are the most successful examples which correlate with "Kenosis" and "Mediator". The Almighty God humbled himself and sacrificed his son to embrace sinners who departed from God, and Jesus Christ restores peace as a mediator. This salvation demonstrates which sides, whether "rational", "wronged", or "greater", should take initiative and seek peace in order to help reach successful reconciliation. This way we can not only experience, but become a living testimony of salvation.
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