Luther, Martin,--1483-1546--Theology

Luther on the priesthood of all believers and vocation: as a means for moving the laity toward more active ministry

Author
John F Johnson
Abstract
Luther's use of the priesthood of all believers created an opportunity for all Christians to purposely work toward building the kingdom of God. However, after many distortions occurred which changed Luther's joyous privilege into a legalistic doctrine, it was eventually ignored. The author used Luther's concepts of the priesthood of all believers to attempt to revitalize the ministry of a downtown congregation. The author's six-week program met with mixed results, and he will continue the process towards revitalization in the future.

Chinese ministry and Martin Luther's teaching on prayer

Author
Abraham Cheng Lu
Abstract
Lutheran spiritual formation through prayer is the priamary concern of this project. It takes a case study on an urban Chinese congregation in New York state with designed teaching material (six sessions) to be tested and evaluated as the method of research. It concludes that Martin Luther's teaching on prayer is intertwined with his justification by faith and the Theology of the Cross. Those who pray receive God's grace. The participants are usually advised to hear a tape a week prior to the meeting, then to share what they have received from God in His grace as changes in attitudes and mindset that were made through the power of the Holy Spirit when they spent time waiting upon God's act with a joyful heart and obedient mind.

Luther's theology of the cross and rural life

Author
Marsha Jark-Swain
Abstract
This paper utilizes the "Heidelberg Disputation" and other writings about Luther's theology to apply the theology of the cross to rural communities. The theology of the cross can help people in rural communities find a way to deal with the paradox of technological advancement and rural decline. Sources on the rural community came from census documents and writings about agriculture. The paper concludes that the rural church strengthened through the means of grace can be of service to small towns through public policy, and community development.

Recovering lectio divina

Author
Barry R Folmar
Abstract
Lectio divina is a way to pray with the scriptures. The four classic steps are: lectio, meditatio, oratio, and contemplatio. Lectio divina is a resource for Christian spiritual formation. The body of the dissertation consists of an analysis of a teaching project at Saint Peter's Lutheran Church, Highspire, Pennsylvania in 1989. The following areas are considered: 1) the goal of the teaching project; 2) a narrative description of the teaching project; 3) a description of learning lectio divina from monks; 4) a discussion of lectio divina in Martin Luther's spirituality; and 5) implications of lectio divina for ministry.

A Lutheran perspective on tithing: a church retreat

Author
Paul H Spohn
Abstract
The purpose of this project is to examine the concept, teaching, and biblical understanding of tithing in relation to Lutheran theology. A large number of Lutherans were interviewed and tested as to their knowledge and attitude toward tithing and stewardship. After an examination of the materials in terms of the historical context, with an emphasis on Luther's scholarship, conclusions were presented and a retreat was designed. The retreat affirmed tithing from a perspective of Christian love.
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