Patriarchy

A Christian Exploration of African American Masculinity

Author
Clarence Lanely
Abstract
A Christian Exploration of African American Masculinity examines the cultural complexities of masculinity by investigating manhood acts and how they are enacted by African American men in their quest to obtain masculine (patriarchal) power. Those with cultural power, mostly white men, deny power to white women, men and women of color. In this project, biblical, cultural and theological insights are explored that offer African American men a life giving and progressive masculinity. The incarnation of Christ offers an image of masculinity that frees men to follow Him, allowing men to be in relationships with others in intimate and meaningful ways.

The Impact of Patriarchy on Female Leadership in the Church

Author
Eloise M Fulton
Abstract
Patriarchy has impacted female leadership in the church by creating an environment of competition, comparison, and insecurity among females. The result of the research is that these 3 elements create conflict that redirects the female focus away from female leadership and towards adversarial or negative interactions. The author researched Old and New Testament Biblical Narratives that focused on female interactions using thesis/essaymodel.

Work practices of missionary women

Author
Leanne M Dzubinski
Abstract
Neither historical nor present-day contributions of women to the modern missionary movement are widely known. The author studied the actual ministry contribution of the women in one agency, the obstacles they face and the needs they have. Women comprise over half of this organization, yet their contributions to the work of God's kingdom on earth are largely unknown, even within their own agency. The study discusses a number of factors that play into this invisibility, including women's lack of representation in the leadership structure of the mission. At the end of the study, some suggestions for changes are made.

Increasing self-esteem through the use of narrative therapy and solution-focused brief therapy in . . . a women's spirituality group

Author
Mitzi J Ellington
Abstract
This project employs narrative therapy and solution-focused brief therapy to increase self-esteem among 11 members of a women's spirituality group. With these methods the project assists these women in discerning the influence of patriarchy on their personal and faith stories and offers them an opportunity to encounter Jesus through biblical stories interpreted from a feminist perspective. Eight of the 11 participants experience an increase in self-esteem as measured by the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale.

The dysfunctional faith of our fathers: co-dependency and patriarchy in the western Christian tradition

Author
Martha A Siegel
Abstract
A review of selected authors found that the Western Christian church has perpetuated and transmitted the patriarchal worldview of the first century Mediterranean world that included a view of the role and nature of women that is now associated with co-dependency (a recently described condition characterized by dysfunctional relationship to self, other, and God), suggesting that patriarchal values may no longer be functional for individuals and institutions in modern society. Implications for the church as a patriarchal institution are explored, with particular attention to the Anglican tradition. A suggested new approach to spirituality for Christian women is included.

The rocky road to transformation: a study to determine if and how women-church groups are engaged in the struggle for transformation

Author
Cecelia M Lavan
Abstract
This project/thesis explores whether women-church is engaged in the work of transformation. Making the connections between the various patriarchal structures of oppression is the work of transformation. This project/thesis focuses particularly on classism, racism, heterosexism and sexism. The author's personal struggle for liberation from the androcentrism and patriarchy of the Roman Catholic Church is the context of this thesis. The work of several women-church groups and Elisabeth Schussler Fiorenza's reconstruction of early Christian history reveal elements of transformation which can assist women attempting to engage in the struggle for transformation. Elisabeth Schussler Fiorenza's understanding of patriarchy and androcentrism provides the analytical tools for the work of transformation. Ecofeminism offers a spirituality which can sustain women engaged in the struggle for transformation.

Where have all the men gone? a study of men's issues and male images in the mainline Christian church from the perspective of alienated men

Author
Dennis K Lueck
Abstract
This project/dissertation examines the question, "Why are middle-aged men exiting the mainline Christian church, addressing mid-life issues outside the church which has historically asserted patriarchal dominance and strength?" A qualitative research methodology was employed with use of a standardized open-ended questionnaire. Responses of the men revealing their life issues and religious/spiritual attitudes were placed in dialogue with theorists of men's studies and relevant theological themes. Explanations were given as to why men are exiting the churches, including the church's failure to connect with male mid-life issues. The dissertation concludes with significant implications for congregational ministry and leadership.

On the other side of silence: patriarchy consciousness and spirituality--some women's experiences of theological education

Author
Shelley Davis Finson
Abstract
This study addresses issues related to the consequences of feminist consciousness for women who are studying theology. The methodology is feminist and therefore attempts to break free from traditional understandings of research. The focus of the research is on the women's experience of ministry and supervision and their understanding of spirituality and their vision of ministry with women. The insights from this study include the effect of patriarchal structures on women, the lack of skills of critical analysis to identify patriarchal reality, the minimal support and nurture for feminists' spirituality, and the limited provision of opportunity to discuss theology from a feminist perspective. Implications for field education are suggested.

Using creative writing for spiritual growth: a workshop for evangelical women in religiously conservative Protestant churches

Author
Susan Weaver Ellis
Abstract
This project's purpose is to help evangelical women in conservative Protestant communities of faith find their voice as women, a need supported by evangelical feminists. Traditional evangelical women exemplify how patriarchal paradigms prevent women from finding their voices. Pat Schneider's creative writing program was used in a spiritual growth workshop. The women participants described the difficulties of having a voice amidst both their church's patriarchal authority and their internal struggles with their role as women. As the workshop concluded the women reported experiencing some personal growth. This study challenges patriarchal evangelical churches to develop new models of learning for women.
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