Covenant Theological Seminary

Prayer and spiritual warfare in the multiple-staff church

Author
Arthur S Roemer
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to understand the role that prayer has in a pastor's ministry in the multi-staff church while defending himself from the dangers in today's postmodern world. The author used qualitative research methodologies. The literature and the interviews that this author researched and conducted both proved that prayer plays an important role in sustaining the moral integrity that is necessary in the ministry of the leading pastor. The author found that these pastors most commonly practiced intercessory prayer and used such tools as journaling, music, and devotional material to aid them in their prayer life.

Prepare, deliver, shepherd: using evaluation to understand the impact of ethos in preaching

Author
William H Wade
Abstract
Preaching literature deals with the rhetorical categories of logos and pathos by thoroughly treating sermon preparation and delivery, but it largely ignores the ethos. The purpose of this study was to explore how preachers use evaluation for understanding how pastoral relationships influence preaching. The study followed a qualitative research method, utilizing semi-structured interviews with six pastors, analyzed in a constant comparative method. The research explored perceptions of the pastoral relationship, evaluation, emotional intelligence, and ongoing sermon preparation. This study concluded that preachers improve receptivity of their sermons when they invest in shepherding relationships with their congregations through sermon feedback.

When duty calls: ISTJ pastors as effective ministry leaders

Author
Tim J Reed
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explore how MBTI-ISTJ pastors lead effectively in pastoral ministry by understanding and capitalizing on their unique temperament. This study utilized a qualitative design, using semi-structured interviews with eight pastors serving in the Presbyterian Church in America. The literature review and interview analysis focused on how ISTJ pastors perceived their effectiveness as leaders, their motivation, their understanding of others' perceptions of their leadership, and how they develop strategies for stronger leadership. The researcher concluded that ISTJs are effective ministry leaders because of their high sense of duty, ministering God's word, administration and dependability.

Effective bicultural team leadership practices in the Korean American churches

Author
James J Kim
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to explore how pastors serving on bicultural pastoral staff teams described effective team leadership practices in Korean American churches. This study utilized a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with six pastors who served on bicultural pastoral staff teams. The research focused on three areas: core values, emotional intelligence, and cultural intelligence. This study concluded that the pastors' self-awareness when combined with their commitment to the Gospel was essential to effective team leadership practices. The self-awareness was cultivated in the pastors' walk with the Lord and by their grace-giving and truth-telling community.

From the edge to the heart of the congregation: reaching young men in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland

Author
Robert Kane
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to discover how congregations of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland have helped men in the age-group 18-35, who are on the periphery of congregational life, to become actively involved in the spiritual life of their local church. Through qualitative research methods, six successful churches were analyzed. The successful strategies discovered included a commitment to building relationships with young men, often through sports and recreational activities, the development of various types of men-only study groups and adjustments to the style of worship and preaching.

Pastors thriving in marriage and ministry: pursuing health in marriage while leading through church conflict

Author
Steven L Jones
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate how pastors pursue healthy marriages as they lead through conflict in the church. The study utilized a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with three pastors in the Presbyterian Church in America and their wives, who were interviewed separately and as couples. The review of biblical literature and literature in conflict resolution, marriage, and systems theory, along with analysis of the conducted interviews focused on how healthy marriages can grow through times of conflict in the church. The research indicates that developing qualities of effective leadership is critical for the pastor's healthy marriage.

Seeking the old paths: towards a recovery of John Calvin's pastoral theology amongst Reformed and Presbyterian pastors today

Author
Marcus J Serven
Abstract
The purpose of this qualitative research project was to interact with Reformed and Presbyterian pastors on the subject of John Calvin's pastoral theology. The researcher engaged in historical research by uncovering relevant material for lectures on Calvin's ministry practices. Six areas were examined: Calvin as preacher, teacher, friend, shepherd, leader, and theologian. These lectures were presented in four separate settings throughout the United States. Nine pastors participated in the follow-up interviews. Based on the findings, the researcher concluded that Calvin's pastoral theology was worthy of serious reflection, careful evaluation, and strategic implementation by Reformed and Presbyterian pastors today.

From neglect to union: the obstacles and opportunities of interchurch relations between congregations of the OPC and the PCA

Author
William D Johnson
Abstract
The purpose was to understand the factors that contribute to interchurch relations(ICR) neighboring OPC and PCA congregations experience. Qualitative focus group interviews were used with leaders from four engaged neighboring OPC and PCA churches and with leaders of two non-engaged churches. Five factors were identified as encouraging or discouraging local ICR. How congregations do or do not engage reflects what leaders believe about the nature and unity of the church. Conservative Presbyterians have studied and acted more thoroughly to understand and protect the purity of the church than they have to understand and promote the unity of the church.

An unconscious hermeneutic: the laity experience of inerrancy when reading difficult scriptural texts

Author
David W Chapman
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to explore how lay people who hold to the doctrine of inerrancy engage hermeneutical strategies in reading Bible texts considered difficult. The research, following a literature review, engaged qualitative methodology through personal interviews guided by four research questions. These questions explored the participants' beliefs about inerrancy, their approaches to difficult texts, their methods of interpretation which were largely individualistic, and their reliance upon God's guidance in understanding texts. The conclusion was that the participants read in light of a vigorous personal commitment to God without further academic engagement with the formal doctrine of inerrancy.

Cross-cultural theological education in East Africa: perceptions of the learning experience

Author
James E Book
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to discover the preferred learning styles of East African students studying with Global University on the East Africa School of Theology campus in Nairobi, Kenya. This study utilized a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with seven Global University students at the East Africa School of Theology in Nairobi, Kenya. This study concluded that learning experiences indicated that greater explanation of difficult terms and concepts are needed. The study also concluded that appropriate contextualization of theological content is needed as well.
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