Tyndale University College and Seminary

The Importance of Hearing God in Spiritual Formation of Chinese Christians of Immigrant Background

Author
Song Seng
Abstract
This portfolio contains three parts: the researcher's spiritual autobiography, a spiritual formation model for Chinese immigrant Christians (CICs) and a participatory action research project on lectio divina. The major theme running through this portfolio is hearing God, which played key roles in researcher's spiritual formation and was viewed as a crucial factor in the model designed to help the spiritual formation of CICs. The project showed that most participants expressed their experience of hearing God during lectio divina, and some vowed to change their behaviour. In summary, this portfolio shows that hearing God is helpful in forming CICs spiritually.

An Integrated Approach to Spiritual Direction: Converging Spirituality, Creativity, and Cognitive Theories through the Expressive Arts as a Model for Christian Spiritual Formation

Author
Ouida A Russea-Pihulyk
Abstract
True spiritual formation is holistic. Transformation occurs where our body, mind, and soul converge and this process can be enabled by creativity. I designed and implemented a Christian formational model to support the integration of creativity to spiritual direction via the expressive arts (music, visual, literary, and movement). A qualitative study augmented by cognitive and theopoetic orientations captured participation of spiritual directors in an expressive arts workshop and the field application of these methods. Results concluded the expressive art inter-modal approach positively impacted spiritual formation and suggested the model could also have beneficial implications for ecumenical and spiritual clinical care practitioners.

A Mentors' Manual for Leadership Formation for Postulants for Ordination in the Anglican Diocese of Toronto

Author
Heather K McCance
Abstract
Churches in Canada increasingly turn to clergy as leaders--not just as spiritual guides--in today's post-Christendom environment. The Anglican Diocese of Toronto identifies leadership as an important skill set for priests, yet there are few opportunities for postulants preparing for ordination to develop these skills. The author created a leadership development curriculum for experienced priests to use as mentors in working with postulants. Evaluation of the curriculum revealed that postulants expanded their leadership skills and grew in their intentionality for continued growth in leadership in the future.

Designing a Storybook Based on Matthew 19:13-15 to Share Faith with Primary School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Author
Heather J Malnick
Abstract
The number of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder has increased in Canada, which is reflected at Living Faith Community Presbyterian Church in Baxter, Ontario, where the number of special needs children has also risen in the past eight years. Despite this increase, faith-based resources created for children with ASD are scarce. In response, this research project reviewed existing sociological, psychological and theological literature-accompanied by data obtained from a parent focus group, expert review, and professional feedback-to create a faith-based storybook using communication techniques specified for children with ASD. Field study incorporated the Action Research method of inquiry.

A Model for Fostering Relational Growth by Using Appreciative Inquiry at New Life Adventist Church in Oshawa, Ontario

Author
Frank Dell'Erba
Abstract
This project introduced the Appreciative Inquiry process to the New Life Seventh-day Adventist Church in Oshawa for the purpose of fostering positive change towards increased loving relationships with one another. The objective was to deepen relationships and create a more united vision in Christ in a hard-working church that was very focused on tasks and programs but where growth had been limited. Through the use of the Appreciative Inquiry process that was evidence of some positive change towards increased loving relationships and provocative proposals were implemented since the end of the project.

A Holistic Spiritual Formation Model for Selected Chinese Evangelical Churches in the G.T.A

Author
Paddy PP Wong
Abstract
Chapter 3 provides a holistic formation model for Chinese evangelical churches and features four types of Christian spirituality: cognitive spirituality, experiential spirituality, contemplative spirituality, and societal regeneration spirituality. Chapter 4 uses the practice of group spiritual direction in a qualitative research project to determine whether the practice nurtures spiritual transformation of Chinese evangelical Christians. The results from the project affirmed that group spiritual direction did deepen the participants' spiritual intimacy with God and with other believers as well as their commitment to practicing the spiritual disciplines.

Developing and Implementing a Model for Discipleship through Student Missional Houses on the Campus of Queen's University

Author
Steven Lee Kooy
Abstract
The purpose of this project was to develop and implement a model of student discipleship through missional houses on the campus of Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario. In order to achieve this objective, biblical and theological data, social science literature, and current missional housing models were researched and a model for missional houses was designed, implemented, and tested. The methodology undertaken was Participatory Action Research and included resident surveys, missional health assessments, and interviews. This data provided the tools needed to discern a transformational model for discipling students through campus missional houses.

Spiritual Formation Shaped by the Potter's Hands Exploring the Impact of Spiritual Friendships in Small Groups Using Lectio Divina

Author
Hubert P Wu
Abstract
Based on phenomenological research, findings suggest that spiritual companionship, enhanced through individuals' shared practice of particular spiritual disciplines, deepens the spiritual growth of members of small groups within a congregation. In particular, a storied way of Lectio Divina successfully cultivates a deeper relationship with God, and an increased sensitivity to God's work in individual lives. As group members, ranging from new believers to mature Christ followers, share these life stories with one another, spiritual companionship deepens. In turn, this deepened spiritual companionship encourages mutual edification toward Christlikeness, and provides further contribution to a greater understanding of discipleship within the congregation.

Using the Ignatian Examen in Community to Encourage Spiritual Transformation

Author
Katherine A Burgess
Abstract
The major focus of the work was spiritual transformation in community, and each paper discussed some aspect of this. The importance of individual growth and growth in community was evident in the author's spiritual autobiography in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 discussed models of spiritual formation, with a focus on Celtic spirituality, which is noted for its emphasis on community. The research conducted during the project as discussed in Chapter 4 also showed how one needs community in order to deepen one's relationship with God. Overall, the research and project showed how one needs community to facilitate spiritual transformation.

Designing, Implementing and Assessing a Prayer Journey for a Small Group Within Richmond Hill Christian Community Church to Pray Like Jesus

Author
Yvonne Yee-Mui Chan
Abstract
In 2015, the English congregation team leadership in Richmond Hill Christian Community Church acknowledged prayer as a key growth area for the congregation. Evaluative research methodology was used for the design and implementation of this project, taking a small group on a Prayer Journey. Scriptures on Jesus' prayer practices were studied. Participants were to read about prayer, practice, update their journals, and share. Data analysis included a pre- and post-project survey to assess the participants' learning. Results indicated a deepened understanding about prayer and a desire to follow Jesus's examples. Lessons learned were used in implementing an ongoing prayer ministry.
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