Japan

Henry Stout, pioneer missionary : his life, his mission, his world

Author
Gordon D Laman
Abstract
Upon numerous occasions, from the very first time I visited Saga and Nagasaki Prefectures in 1 9 60, I have heard the name of Henry Stout. During the twenty years I served in that region as a missionary of the Reformed Church in America, many times I was asked about this man who was one of my early predecessors . Snatches of information I heard suggested that he
had been a very important person. Reading I had done on the history of Protestant witness in Japan had made little-or no note of his contribution . More recently, my growing interest in the early history of the work of the Reformed Church in America in southwestern Japan led me to the discovery of how really valuable the ministry of Henry Stout had been to the development of that work. H.V.S. Peeke, a contemporary, said of the Stouts in 1922, "This couple were strong in piety and purpose, and their imprint is left upon the Kyushu field today to a degree, perhaps not fully realized by their successors."

I have now come to realize that their tremendous influence and significant contribution have never been widely recognized or properly appreciated. I perceive Henry Stout to be the sin­gle most-important missionary pioneer from the Reformed and Presbyterian tradition to work in southwestern Japan in the nineteenth century. However , he is little known, and evidently no detailed biographical presentation of his life and work has ever been made available to date. It is my hope that the fol­lowing pages will provide useful information and insights, not only about this person, but also into the missionary task and life situation in which his lifetime of service was offered. I consider Henry Stout to be an all but forgotten foundational figure of the church in Japan.

A contextual commentary on the Apostles' creed : envisioning the formation of a Christian missionary community in Japan

Author
Manabu Ishida
Abstract
The purpose of this project is to demonstrate that the Christian faith community is essentially a missionary community. I produced a contextual commentary on the Apostles' Creed for that purpose, interpreting the symbols of the Creed from the Japanese socio-historical perspective.

Chapter One briefly reviews some negative legacy of Christendom commonly known to Japanese people. This kind of knowledge is crucial to make effective communication of Christian faith to the non-Christian people.

Chapter Two is a brief introduction to the commentary and the text of the Creed.

Chapter Three deals with the first part of the Creed. I point out that it is necessary to convey to Japanese people the meaning and importance of the terms "believe" and "God" in a Christian sense.

Chapter Four is a commentary on the section of the Creed on Christ. I present the possibility of interpreting the credal symbols within a Japanese socio-historical context. I conclude that our way of life, in accordance with the coming of Kingdom of God in this world, is what identifies us as the people of God.

Chapter Five is an experimental description of how a Japanese Christian community can be a missionary community. I suggest the following three points: l.The church should be freed from a church growth oriented concept of mission. 2.The participants of the community are the narrators of God's saving activities in the world, and at the same time those who act out God's divine will. 3.The faith community should live a minority way of life in its society.

Mission in Japan using Japanese mythology and the Bible : a guide to cross-cultural pastoral care

Author
Wayne Jansen
Abstract
This project is designed to provide missionaries to Japan with information needed to carry out cross-cultural pastoral care effectively by looking to ancient Japanese scriptures for meaning, and comparing selected narratives to those in the Bible containing parallel themes and motifs.

Chapter One, the Introduction, explains the cultural milieu in which the Western missionary finds him/herself.

Chapter Two introduces six chosen "subjects," including clients, patients, and professionals who have been chosen as case studies upon which the entire project is based, along with rationale for why they were chosen.

Chapter Three reveals what it means to live in Japan's strict hierarchical society, and how the Japanese cope with and effectively use the system to succeed.

Chapter Four demonstrates how important and necessary it is for Japanese to understand how to blend and adapt to their surroundings in order to be successful.

Chapter Five pursues the question of what exactly the religious soul of the Japanese is, and how the missionary is to understand his/her clients in order to meet their needs.

Chapter Six illustrates where the Japanese church stands today on various issues, and provides missionaries with information to help them understand their colleagues better, and to function appropriately in the Japanese setting.

The Epilogue touches on the project's limitations, and suggests possibilities for further followup studies.

This project shows that knowing Japanese mythology is productive in the cross-cultural pastoral context both in providing tools for ministry to the missionary/pastor, and in applying pastoral care correctly to Japanese clients.
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