Spiritual life

Guidance in and experience of liturgical prayer as an element of personal and communal worship in the Reformed tradition

Author
John E Harris
Abstract
The author developed a workbook and leader's guide he used in a workshop to offer guidance and experience in liturgical prayer as an element of personal and communal worship in the Reformed tradition. In this doctoral paper he defines terms, explores assumptions, reflects on personal experience, analyzes local settings, describes the biblical, theological, and ministerial issues, and presents the theoretical foundation on which he developed the project. He also describes the project, analyzes his situation in ministry, explains the project's design and its implementation, offers an evaluation, and reflects on implications for further ministry. The workbook and leader's guide are included.

Coming into our own: helping African American families to name, claim and live out their spirituality

Author
Joyce Florence Gillie
Abstract
The author addresses the question "how do we call people to Christian discipleship in the Postmodern era?" Providing an overview of the Premodern, Modern, and Postmodern eras, she names both the understanding of them as a time in history and the African/African-American social-political and spiritual reality of the time. She uses the African-American family to provide a generational vandtage point for viewing and discussing the topic of Postmodern culture, racism, the hip-hop generation, black spirituality, and the Catholic faith. Bringing Postmodern culture in dialogue with the attributes of black spirituality and the Catholic faith, she contextualizes a pastoral response.

Creating a sacred space: introducing lectio divina as a devotional method for the heightening of the spiritual lives of the pastors in the Northern Ohio District, Church of the Brethren

Author
Bradley C Bohrer
Abstract
Many pastors neglect their own spiritual formation needs while tending to the needs of others and the church. This project introduced the lectio divina methodology to 25 actively serving pastors of the Northern Ohio District of the Church of the Brethren in an attempt to elevate the sense of God's presence in their lives. The author addressed (1) training in the methodology with materials on formational reading, (2) the devotional process of 6 weeks in length using the lectio divina method, and (3) the survey material and results that measured the sense of God's presence in the process.

Utilizing a spiritual wellness tool to assist the pastoral caregiver in the dialogue of spirituality

Author
Mark Hart
Abstract
This project prepares a Spiritual Wellness Tool designed to raise consciousness of the presence and profound effect of spirituality in human life and work, distributing it to 606 employees of Gundersen Lutheran Health System, La Crosse, Wisconsin, in Spring 1997. By 7 July 1997 257 persons complete and return the assessment. The project seeks to provide pastoral caregivers with a vehicle to assist them in engaging people working in institutional systems regarding the pervasive presence of faith and spirituality in the workplace and other areas of life.

The effect of spirituality class on improving spiritual assessment scores and the relationship . . . to length of stay of patients. . .

Author
Phillip B Binnie
Abstract
This project develops a Spiritual Assessment instrument and a program of spirituality classes for use by hospital chaplains in psychiatric residential treatment programs, testing the process at Miami Veteran Affairs Medical Center. The project finds that patients who attend more classes and a higher percentage of classes improve their Spiritual Assessment Scores (SAS), but a higher SAS does not lead to a shorter length of stay (LOS). Those who exhibit the greatest improvement in SAS do have a shorter LOS, primarily because they attend classes consistently. Classes improve patients' sense of meaning and purpose, peace when circumstances are beyond control, reconciliation with past events, and hope for the future.

Actualizing a climate of spiritual well-being in adult long term care: a systems approach

Author
David Martin
Abstract
This project proposes a process by which chaplains in long-term adult care facilities can assist the facilities in articulating and implementing an understanding of resident spiritual well-being. The project conducts 49 interviews among residents, families, and staff to elicit perspectives on spiritual well-being, placing these within a conceptual framework developed from research in current literature. The project finds that residents see staff as a definite resource for spiritual well-being, not limiting this role to clergy. The project offers recommendations for organization policy and program to support spiritual well-being of residents.

Exploring the faith pilgrimage from a feminist perspective

Author
Martha P Washington
Abstract
The goal of this project was to develop a model of prayer and meditation for women using object relations theory as a theoretical foundation. The presentation ofmaterials was made from a feminist perspective, examining critical feminist issues. Use of the model examined how the use of prayer and meditation can be used in pastoral counseling to develop a deepened spirituality through an individual faith journey. A select group of women worked with the model which consisted of seven sessions. Following the experiment each was interviewed and an evaluation was used to determine its effectiveness. All participants reported positive results from using the model.

An aftercare program utilizing spirituality in the recovery from substance dependency

Author
Barry G Watson
Abstract
This project investigated the thesis that spirituality is a central factor in the prevention of substance dependency relapse. The project utilized Howard Clinebell's theory of spiritual well-being, Charlotte Davis Kasl's theory of empowerment, Carol Ochs' understanding of feminist spirituality, and the 12-Step and various alternative recovery models in addressing spiritual idolatry. The project was conducted in a sixteen-week out-patient aftercare program involving seven clients. Spiritual well-being was measured by a test-retest method using the Spiritual Well Being Scale developed by Craig Ellison and Raymond Paloutzian, the Keirsey and Bates Personality Profile, and Howard Clinebell's Relational Well Being Surveys. The findings supported the thesis that spirituality is a central issue in the prevention of relapse. The findings also indicated that through seeking well-being in one's primary relationships, one is empowered to experience sustained recovery from substance dependency.

The role of spirituality in the treatment process of the chemically dependent

Author
Raymond A Bell
Abstract
The main objective of this research is to explore whether if a person has a high spirituality, their need for chemical involvement will be reduced. The nine subjects selected were currently involved in a methadone treatment program. The subjects were divided into three groups: experimental, control and untreated control. With the experimental group, the stimulus was spirituality. Methadone and spiritual education were combined to determine if the stimulus was helpful to the patient. The control group was exposed to the methadone and drug education. The untreated control group was exposed only to its current methadone treatment and basic social training education. The results of the study showed that the experimental group improved dramatically after receiving the stimulus of spirituality education; there were very minor positive results with the control and untreated groups.
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